The European Union Explained*


Where, is the European Union? Obviously here
somewhere, but much like the the European continent itself, which has an unclear boundary,
the European Union also has some fuzzy edges to it. To start, the official members of the European
Union are, in decreasing order of population: * Germany
* France * The United Kingdom
* Italy * Spain
* Poland * Romania
* The Kingdom of the Netherlands * Greece
* Belgium * Portugal
* The Czech Republic * Hungary
* Sweden * Austria
* Bulgaria * Denmark
* Slovakia * Finland
* Ireland * Croatia
* Lithuania * Latvia
* Slovenia * Estonia
* Cyprus * Luxembourg
* Malta The edges of the EU will probably continue
to expand further out as there are other countries in various stages of trying to become a member. How exactly the European Union works is hideously
complicated and a story for another time, but for this video you need know only three
things: 1. Countries pay membership dues and 2. Vote on laws they all must follow and 3. Citizens of member countries are automatically
European Union citizens as well This last means that if you’re a citizen of
any of these countries you are free to live and work or retire in any of the others. Which
is nice especially if you think your country is too big or too small or too hot or too
cold. The European Union gives you options. By the way, did you notice how all three of
these statements have asterisks attached to this unhelpful footnote? Well, get used to
it: Europe loves asterisks that add exceptions to complicated agreements. These three, for example, point us toward
the first bit of border fuzziness with Norway, Iceland and little Liechtenstein. None of
which are in the European Union but if you’re a EU citizen you can live in these countries
and Norwegians, Icelanders, or Liechtensteiner(in)s can can live in yours. Why? In exchange for the freedom of movement
of people they have to pay membership fees to the European Union — even though they
aren’t a part of it and thus don’t get a say its laws that they still have to follow. This arrangement is the European Economic
Area and it sounds like a terrible deal, were it not for that asterisk which grants EEA
but not EU members a pass on some areas of law notably farming and fishing — something
a country like Iceland might care quite a lot about running their own way. Between the European Union and the European
Economic Area the continent looks mostly covered, with the notable exception of Switzerland
who remains neutral and fiercely independent, except for her participation in the Schengen
Area. If you’re from a country that keeps her borders
extremely clean and / or well-patrolled, the Schengen Area is a bit mind-blowing because
it’s an agreement between countries to take a ‘meh’ approach to borders. In the Schengen Area international boundaries
look like this: no border officers or passport checks of any kind. You can walk from Lisbon
to Tallinn without identification or need to answer the question: “business or pleasure?”. For Switzerland being part of Schengen but
not part of the European Union means that non-swiss can check in any time they like,
but they can never stay. This koombaya approach to borders isn’t appreciated
by everyone in the EU: most loudly, the United Kingdom and Ireland who argue that islands
are different. Thus to get onto these fair isles, you’ll need a passport and a good reason. Britannia’s reluctance to get fully involved
with the EU brings us to the next topic: money. The European Union has its own fancy currency,
the Euro used by the majority, but not all of the European Union members. This economic
union is called the Eurozone and to join a country must first reach certain financial
goals — and lying about reaching those goals is certainly not something anyone would do. Most of the non-Eurozone members when they
meet the goals, will ditch their local currency in favor of the Euro but three of them Denmark,
Sweden and, of course, the United Kingdom, have asterisks attracted to the Euro sections
of the treaty giving them a permanent out-out. And weirdly, four tiny European countries
Andorra, San Marino, Monaco & Vatican City have an asterisk giving them the reverse:
the right print and use Euros as their money, despite not being in the European Union at
all. So that’s the big picture: there’s the EU,
which makes all the rules, the Eurozone inside it with a common currency, the European Economic
Area outside of it where people can move freely and the selective Schengen, for countries
who think borders just aren’t worth the hassle. As you can see, there’s some strange overlaps
with these borders, but we’re not done talking about complications by a long shot one again,
because empire. So Portugal and Spain have islands from their
colonial days that they’ve never parted with: these are the Madeira and Canary Islands are
off the coast of Africa and the Azores well into the Atlantic. Because these islands are
Spanish and Portuguese they’re part of the European Union as well. Adding a few islands to the EU’s borders isn’t
a big deal until you consider France: the queen of not-letting go. She still holds onto
a bunch of islands in the Caribbean, Reunion off the coast of Madagascar and French Guiana
in South America. As far as France is concerned, these are France too, which single handedly
extends the edge-to-edge distance of the European Union across a third of Earth’s circumference. Collectively, these bits of France, Spain
and Portugal are called the Outermost Regions — and they’re the result of the simple answer
to empire: just keep it. On the other hand, there’s the United Kingdom,
the master of maintaining complicated relationships with her quasi-former lands — and she’s by
no means alone in this on such an empire-happy continent. The Netherlands and Denmark and France (again)
all have what the European Union calls Overseas Territories: they’re not part of the European
Union, instead they’re a bottomless well of asterisks due to their complicated relationships
with both with the European Union and their associated countries which makes it hard to
say anything meaningful about them as a group but… in general European Union law doesn’t apply
to these places, though in general the people who live there are European Union citizens
because in general they have the citizenship of their associated country, so in general
they can live anywhere in the EU they want but in general other European Union citizens
can’t freely move to these territories. Which makes these places a weird, semipermeable
membrane of the European Union proper and the final part we’re going to talk about in
detail even though there are still many, more one-off asterisks you might stumble upon,
such as: the Isle of Man or those Spanish Cities in North Africa or Gibraltar, who pretends
to be part of Southwest England sometimes, or that region in Greece where it’s totally
legal to ban women, or Saba & friends who are part of the Netherlands and so should
be part of the EU, but aren’t, or the Faeroe Islands upon which while citizens of Denmark
live they lose their EU citizenship, and on and on it goes. These asterisks almost never end, but this
video must.

100 comments

  1. I'm from Romania and I hate it because I have to carry all the time my freaking identity card and passport when I want to travel to an EU country. Why? Because Romania is not in Schengen area. 😡

  2. Wrong about Schengen 2:16. As it's the 'continental' system, you must have ID on you at all times. Unless you want to be arrested, of course.

  3. The EU is rubbish, its institutions are rubbish, their laws are rubbish! I urge all real Europeans to put pressure on their governments for an urgent permanent leave! Let Germany, France, Sweden etc enjoy the union to maximum alongside with their rubbish fifth world illegal migrants!

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  5. The EU have very strict emissions laws because they want to save the planet and there are very big fines for those who digress from them UNLESS YOU EUROPES BIGGEST CAR MANUFACTURER =thats how the EU works , invading the car market in America is one thing but shoe horning your way into the lucrative pickup truck market is another & it was that ,that caused someone in the states to bubble VW over their sophisticated emission cheat software
    And thats the real reason behind how they bubbled !

  6. Euro = wanna make a Euro bring in a new rule ,wanna made millions of Euros bring out some big rules ,just ask the Americans ,thats how the EU works !

  7. Ah, 2013, two years before Merkel "does an oopsie", opens borders and single-handedly bumps theft, rape, riots and overall crime in every country that has enough money to provide social benefits, until Eastern Europe tells her to go die in a ditch and resists with all it's might, causing a rift and making EU a laughing stock.

    Did I mention Brexit?

  8. To be honest the Portuguese and Spanish islands used to be colonies but nowadays are an integral part of the countries being like alaska or hawaii to the us

  9. The EU is ironically going to be the cause of the next world war. Ironic because it was originally created for the sole purpose of ensuring peace.

  10. Ireland isn't in the Schengen area, not because they "believe Islands are different", but because the UK does, and so to prevent a border along Northern Ireland, we stuck with the UK. In the event of a united Ireland, I can see mass support for joining the Schengen area.

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  12. If you're confused about the region in Greece where it's legal to ban women, I have an explanation (whether this is a good reason is up to you, I'm Orthodox and even i'm not a fan of it). It's an Orthodox Monastary, and we believe this was given to the Virgin Mary by Jesus, thus the Virgin Mary should be the only woman allowed on the island. But on a more practical side, the monks there are supposed to be celibate, and Monastary authorities don't want the monks to be distracted by women being there.

  13. European Union Explained in a Few Word.
    (To destroy the Race, Culture, History and Christian Identity of the White Race and bring in the One World Government)

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    If they enjoy to destroy economic with code forbidden AE style. Result show bankrupt permanent by freedom style on automobile markets.

    End report and record about their product.

    From
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    List position had startsed code forbidden AE styles in all brands automobiles market and motorcycles markets since 1920s to present
    1. Bountry hunters all
    2. Terrorists all
    3. Spies all
    4. Dynasties all
    5. Militaries all
    6. Business men all
    7. Boards all
    8. Prisoners death level all
    9. Police stations USA all, EU all, FBI all, CIA all, NATO all, NSA all and all units
    10. Street racers all
    11. Actors all and actresses all
    12. Brilliants all
    13. Hollywood team all
    14. Racers all
    15. Politicians all
    16. All wikipedia AE
    17. All AE department all brands
    18. Modified Mechanics all
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    20. All governments
    21. All councils
    22. Brilliants terrorists all
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    24. Mechanics modified all
    25. CEOs all and teams all
    26. Engineers all in AE departments all brands

    Their purpose destroy economic and fun with tail flick, slide and below 1 mpg (over 100 l/100km, below 1 km/l) on automobiles markets permanent.

    End report simulation about AE social with illegal parts.

    Their failure with F1 speed in circuits all, speed limit cruve traffic law speed ,change lane and U turn forever.

    They lie economy high for undercover their mistake and jobs.

    Code forbidden AE styles in all brands automobile markets and motorcycles markets in all unit all counties and all organization thus
    1. Wider rear track than front track bodyworks all : 0.7g the lowest traction, extreme tail flick, extreme slide, 1-5 km/l and below 1 km/l in all speed and test maximum (160 km/hr to top speed on circuits).
    2. Wider front track than rear track bodyworks all in below 10 mm. : 0.85g the medium traction, tail flick, slide, 1-5 km/l and below 1 km/l in all speed and test maximum (160 km/hr to top speed on circuits).
    3. Dimension front track as same as rear track bodyworks all : 0.85g the medium traction, tail flick, slide, 1-5 km/l and below 1 km/l in all speed and test maximum (160 km/hr to top speed on circuits)
    4. Wider front track than rear track in 10 mm. bodyworks all : 0.9g the medium traction, slide, 1-5 km/l, below 1 km/l in all speed and test maximum (160 km/hr to top speed on circuits).
    5. Without rear fog lamp all : unsafe slight for rear cars, easy wreck 1-5 km/l, below 1 km/l with test maximum over 20,000-150,000 rpm.
    6. Petrol engines 1-4 turbo intercooler all : easy wreck a parts engines , 1-5 km/l and below 1 km/l with test maximum over 20,000-150,000 rpm.
    7. CVT all : easy wreck a parts, 1-5 km/l and below 1 km/l with test maximum over 20,000-150,000 rpm.

    Code forbidden AE styles come from list because no one can build pass on all people and standard law AE or failure to test by CEO and teams.

    These ones had been started Mafia, terrorists, bounty hunters, spies, mechanics, street racers, prisoners death level force engineers build for their fun to destroy all and never stop to drive as below 1 mpg, below 1 km/l, over 100 l/100km.

    End record and report from their database.

    These ones are grade F all.

    All customers hate these ones forever and drive below 1 mpg, over 100 l/100km, below 1 km/l.

    From
    Database all AE career department and all brands

    Code forbidden AE styles for don't build all in the last page.

    Code forbidden AE styles had started all prisoners death level, all bountry hunters, all street racers, all spies, all humoid bountry hunters, all terrorists hire engineers build for destroy all AE economics.

    End report by themselves and record about their cargos.

    * Law dearth mean their status prisoners level death.
    * These ones effect EV, hybrid series all.
    No ones stop them about these ones on automotive engineering and automobiles market.
    [email protected]

  15. You got one of the main reasons people move countries within the EU. Their country is too cold. However the main reason people move is their country is too poor and lacks opportunities.

  16. I cant help but notice ireland has no arrows in the chart at the beggining. By those standards we are the best country to retire

  17. Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believes on me has everlasting life. John 6:47 "For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life." John 3:16

  18. the european union is ruled by an international financial oligarchy that ruins Europe and destroys the identities of nations …
    I FUCK EUROPE like this one!
    I can not wait for us to leave Europe like the British!

  19. It took me 4 and a half minutes before I realised Ode To Joy was playing in the background. Nice touch, Grey!

  20. This is such a shitty video, Grey. The title promises an explanation of the EU, instead we get a rundown of its geography. You show a chart of the institutions at the beginning and simply say "too complicated", then move on. And tadaa, 8 million people probably think they got the EU now, while still not knowing shit about it. And without surprise, the comments are full of Ignorami who say stuff along the lines of the EU being a communist dictatorship run by the Germans, a "USSR", a "4th Reich". Great job! This video is from 2013. Maybe take a step back and ask what you might have contributed to Brexit with this badly-thought-through smoking pile of rubbish.

  21. Turkey: hello european union. We have Istanbul and beautiful cities and our economy is not bad Can we join you?
    Europe Union: No, you are a country in Asia, not in Europe!
    and cyprus joins the european union
    Turkey: Hi can't i still join?
    Europe Union: Didn't I tell you you're in Asia?!?!?!

  22. Free trade, free minds and free markets=Classical liberalism, Europe’s great gift to the world.

    Don’t need political union for that. If the idea is to reduce the risk of war, it does not. All European conflict is simply turned into civil war by the EU.

    The EU is yesterday’s vision of tomorrow. Time to bury it, and the UK can lead the way!

  23. CGP Grey: These countries dont want borders because they think its not worth the hastle.
    Hungary in 2017 – 2018: THOSE ASIANS. THOSE DAMN ASIANS. I DON'T CARE ABOUT SLAVERY JUST DEPORT THEM

  24. NEXIT please, the European Union sucking everything away from us. Traditions, money, culture. They give us laws, mass immigration and low/ and since some weeks negative interests on the bank. Prices increasing, house prices skyrocket to the roof, energy bills are going up and up and up, healthcare is becoming more expensive every year. Yes some of it is normal maybe, but it's going way to fast. Wages don't increase.

  25. Yes its purpose is to replace its indigenous populations with Arab and Africans and replace Christians with Islam they already made that clear in there Globalist and UN agreements

  26. "and lying about money is certainly not something anyone would do…" for all those who say "sse what Eu did to Greece" more like what Greece did to itself

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