Learn to Crochet: The Basics – SINGLE CROCHET – Make a Dishcloth!



Oh you hey everybody today's super basic tutorial is all about single crochet it's a fundamental stitch that everybody's got to know and we're going to do it back and forth so it's the how to make nice flat square pieces of fabric using single crochet and just so you're not sitting there kind of just practicing we're actually going to make a dishcloth today this is all single crochet and it's a great way to learn how to make nice flat rows so that you don't end up with something that goes too much out or too much in but you'll see what I'm talking about later so you're going to want basic cotton handicraft err yarn so cotton yarn and whatever sized hook you are comfortable with I would say anything between a four millimeter and a six millimeter hook is perfectly fine so grab your hook grab your crochet cotton and let's get started single crochet single crochet is a very basic mostly used stitch in crochet it's um it's not the smallest stitch the small stitch is actually the slip stitch or even the chain but we're going to focus on the slip stitch today so now if you're uncomfortable with a slip knot or with chaining then you're going to want to refer to the two links below in the comment box one is on making a slip knot the other is on creating chains and today we're going to focus on single crocheting a flat piece of fabric so this is where you go back and forth back and forth this is the very thing that gave me a lot of trouble when I was first learning how to crochet I had difficulty keeping the fabric a nice rectangular shape and there's a reason for that so what we're going to do is we're going to create a slipknot there we go and because today we're making a very basic pot holder or a dishcloth we're going to want to make it so that it's about as as wide as our our hand is along so we're going to chain until we have the desired number of stitches so I'm going to start with 20 because I know that 20 is a good round number to begin with so we're going to chain and count always remember to count there's 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 okay I have single crochet 20 now I know that I'm going to want my dishrag to be a little bit bigger than that and I think just for simplicity's you know what I'm going to put a little border on it at the end which is also single crochet so don't worry it's not like we're going to jump into anything too difficult so I think I'm going to leave it at 20 here is the trick to keeping your work perfectly rectangular because we're single crocheting and we want an even number of 20 stitches in a row at all times before we turn to go back like a typewriter you have to give yourself a turning chain because we're single crocheting and a single crochet isn't too high a stitch you only need to chain one so you chain one now technically your foundation row is now 21 stitches across but that one stitch will always disappear into the first single crochet you make so now we're going to single crochet we're going to work into the second chain from the hook that's this one right here because the turning chain is the chain that you ignore you never ever ever use the turning chain which is the chain directly below the hook unless you're doing something super fancy and they tell you to but they will always tell you if they want you to work into that chain because this chain is typically to be ignored so we're going to use the second chain from the hook a single crochet looks like this you identify the stitch you're going to work into in this case it's the second chain from the hook you take your chain or I'm sure you take your hook and you bend it you pass it front to back through that stitch okay I'm going to show you that again so you take your hook and you push it front to back through that stitch you want to work into you're going to have what looks like two loops on your hook and that's exactly what you should have from here you're going to take your working string I'm going to wrap it around your hook so that your hook can grab it and pull it back through that working stitch now you still have two loops on your hook that's exactly what you want to have you've got the one you started with you've got the one you've just created and now we're going to finish the stitch you wrap the yarn around your hook one more time so that you can grab it and pull it and you pull that yarn right through one and two both loops you will wind up with one loop on your hook exactly what you're supposed to have after you finish a stitch in fact after you finish every crochet stitch I'll always come back to this one single loop on your hook we're going to do that again so we've just worked into this stitch and you can tell because there's there's a stitch in it we're going to work into the next one along so this is this nice untouched stitch right next to that one you take your hook you pass it front to back through that stitch you've got two loops on your hook you take your working string pass it over your hook so that you can grab it right pull it through the first stitch so the working stitch pull it back so that you have two loops on your hook just like that and now to complete the stitch you wrap your yarn around your hook so you can grab it and pull through both now you've created two single crochet so we're going to do this one more time identify the next stitch see it's not this one because this one has a stitch in it it's the one right next to it this nice untouched one here we're going to take our hook push it front to back through that stitch so that you've got your first loop and now the stitch on your hook so that's two loops wrap your string around your hook so that you can grab it pull it back through the stitch the act of pulling a loop through a working stitch is what anchors all your work together so now you have two official loops on your hook to complete the stitch wrap it around your hook once make sure you can grab it and pull through both and you've made three single crochet as you do this you're going to get more and more even your stitches will become more even they'll be either a little tighter or a little looser but they'll be even they'll build they'll be a balance because you will have a style all your own and and as you get comfortable with this you're going to be able to do them really really quickly I know maybe you don't believe that right now but you will there's my fourth one okay I'm for single crochet into this foundation row and I don't want to use the same hole that I've just worked into so I'm going to identify the next stitch which is this one here hook goes front to back grabs the yarn pulls it back out I've got two loops on my hook wrap the yarn go through both again you hook goes through the stitch front to back grabs the yarn pulls it back two loops on your hook wrap and go through both again hook goes through front to back grabs the yarn pulls it back you've got two loops on your hook you want to grab your yarn wrap it around your hook so you can grab it pull it through both and now you are going to do this on your own until the end of the row okay I'm just nearing the end of the row and this is the last stitch there's always the knot okay you ignore the knot you only ever work into the last stitch and if you're really confused you could have been counting all the way along but we're going to go back and count once we finished so you're going to work your last single crochet into that last stitch okay and there's your foundation row now I'm going to pull up a loop so that I don't unravel my work because I'm going to use my hook as sort of a teaching training tool if you look at the top of your work it should look like okay row of chains and that's because technically at the top of every stitch is a chain connecting them and this is how we count this last stitch the first one we made is the first real chain on the top of that row and you just count the chains so 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 20 what we want to have so I'm going to put my hook back in my loop here now because we have finished a row we want to single crochet back the other way we do that by giving ourselves a turning chain so you chain 1 then you flip your work because you if you're right-handed you're always going to work to the left if you're left-handed you're always going to work to the right now we counted so we know that we have exactly 20 stitches to work with and we want to put a single crochet into each of those 20 stitches you've chained 1 and you want to identify that first stitch that is the stitch we're going to work into now instead of it being like one of the edges of the chain it's going to be the entire top of the stitch so as you can see there's a hole right there and that hole is what you're going to put your hook through so you're going to take your hook you're going to pass it through that hole so that the entire stitch top sits on top see how it's it looks like two loops it's actually just the top of the stitch okay so technically that's the stitch you're working into you're going to grab the yarn and pull it back through that stitch so that you've got two loops on your hook and wrap and go through both so now we're single crocheting across the top of this first row of single crochet and from here on out it looks exactly the same so you take your hook pass it through the whole stitch so that you've got what looks like that funny little chain thing running across the top of your hook grab your yarn and pull it back so that you've got two loops on your hook and if you're a little loose here and there don't worry about it wrap your yarn and pull it through both and it's going to start to look like that so once more take your hook you identify your next stitch and you know what your hooks going to go through that stitch even if you can't totally see the hole your hook can find it so trust in your hands because your hands will know the right feeling of things make sure that you've got both those chaney looking loops on top of your hook because that means you've worked the whole stitch pull back a loop so that you have two real loops on your hook wrap go through both and your work is going to look just like that so I'm going to invite you now to work across the rest of your first row and then I will see you at the very end okay I have two stitches left to work into so you can see them here one and two so this is number 19 so I pass my hook through it wrap pull up a loop so I have to wrap go through both the last stitch is always a little funny because it kind of bends down because you created it at the very end of the row so just be patient with yourself you might have to dig your your hook a little bit just to get it through but you still want to have that double-sided sort of Cheney stitch thing looking on top of your hook you grab your yarn and pull it back through the that stitch wrap and pull through both loops now as you can see this has a straight edge on both sides and the reason it has a straight edge on both sides is because you have given yourself a turning chain at the end of each row counting your rows is really easy because you're going back and forth your rows are going to look different like every sync second row will look like the previous not the previous robe with a row before it and it'll be easier to identify once we've gone a couple more rows in but so far you've done two full rows and this is what it looks like so because we're going to do Row 3 and we've reached the end we are going to give ourselves a turning chain so we grab our yarn and pull it through the loop then we flip our work so now we're working back the other way you identify so you look at the top of your row and you identify the first stitch now look at this I chained one right and here's that chain that I made it's that nice V stitch right underneath my hook that is a chain that is not the stitch we're working into the first stitch we're working into is the second from the hook so remember our foundation row when we first started you worked into the second chain from the hook well every single time you start a row when you're single crocheting if you flip your work so that you're looking directly on top of it you should have a chain one and what looks like a rows of chains row chains and you always start in the second chain from the hook okay that's actually the first real stitch but it looks like this from the side so this is the the chain one and the actual stitch is part of the body of the fabric so we pass our hook through that stitch grab our yarn and pull it back so that we have two real loops on our hook wrap and go through both and then you're just going to continue back and forth in this fashion you're going to put a chain one at the end of each row before you flip your work that way you will have a nice flat rectangular square when you're finished and because this is a dish cloth or a sampler if you all you really want to do is practice we're going to make it 20 rows high and I know that might seem a little daunting if you've just started out but 20 by 20 is a nice practicing rule of thumb I always recommend doing 20 rows of something so that you get really comfortable with what the stitch feels like with what the rows look like and if you've got issues they'll pop up during those 20 rows so when you get to the end of your row remember do your last stitch chain 1 turn your work so 20 rows everybody you're going to do 20 rows and at the end of 20 rows we will put our border on and we will be all finished cute little washcloths okay I'm just nearing the end of my 20th row and I wanted to take a moment and show you what it's going to look like so here you go that is 20 stitches by 20 rows so if you've gotten this far pat yourself on the back because you have just completed 400 single crochets and by this point you will definitely know how to do that stitch I'm also going to show you what it looks like when you want to count your rows so because you go back and forth you can see that there's sort of a natural break happening every two rows so in this natural break that's two whole rows completed or back front back front back front back front the easiest thing to do I find is to go identify all of these little ridges sort of the inside ridges and count 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 I have done 20 rows now if you got this far and you're feeling pretty good but you're still a little nervous then what I invite you to do is cut your string about here and pull it backwards through this loop pull it tight fasten off weave in that end you have finished and this is perfectly useful as a pot holder or a dish cloth just the way it is but if you're feeling kind of saucy then we are going to put a border around the entire thing so what you're going to do end up is with is 20 single crochet down the edge another 20 across the bottom 20 at the other side and 28 grand across the top and that's going to be a total of 80 stitches so if you're still with me and you still want to practice single crochet here we go we are going to chain one but instead of turning our work all the way around what we are going to do is work down the edge so this edge here so instead of turning and working backwards across here we're going to work down the edge so what you're going to do is turn it 90 degrees so now you're working down this funny raw edge you've chained one and because you know that there are 20 rows down here you're going to put in 20 single crochet so your first stitch is actually going to be the side of your last single crochet and you know what it doesn't look like a regular stitch it's not supposed to because this is the side of our work so this is where you get to be carefree you want to make sure that you pick up oh what looks like a real stitch so you're probably going to pass your hook through the hole the previous stitch looks like you've grabbed a whole stitch you're going to single crochet into that so that's the first one now the next one is kind of weird so you see the next the very next stitch you'll be able to get like two loops but that's the third one you want to create one yeah somewhere in the middle here so you know what I do I just take my hook and jam it right into the very edge and if I get two loops great if I only get one yeah fine it doesn't matter you kind of create a tight little crochet in there that's too now we're back into the easy one you can just put your hook right through the middle of that stitch grab both of those loops that looks like a regular old stitch single crochet into it that's three and now we're into one of these funny ones again so this time I only managed to get one and you know what that's fine with me two single crochet into that meanwhile I'm back down to a regular looking stitch so this one's easier to work with single crochet into that and when you use the same color as you can see the somewhat oddness of that row is going to be kind of hidden a camouflage because you're using the same color and I want you to remember that because down the road we're making really complicated hats and whatnot you're going to want to remember that when you're putting in an edging row you want to use the same color as the body of whatever you're edging because those stitches disappear and it gives you a nice flat working surface for down the road we're not there yet so we're going to keep working this is another funny one I'll just pick up this one we're going to work 20 single crochet down the edge nearing the end of this side so that's my second-last and now I'm at the very end so now the very end is a bit wonky I'm going to use this last little hole here instead of an actual stitch now you see how that's made a nice flat edge across the side oh just nothing like a finished piece right because we're at the end we're going to chain one again we're going to turn our work 90 degrees and this is an easy stretch we're going to work across the bottom of our foundation row but because we we put in a last stitch here now you can do one of two things you can single crochet into that stitch and you'll actually have twenty-one across here or you can kind of round your edge and just work directly into the next stitch it's completely up to you me I'm going to put a stitch in the side of that last single crochet and then you're going to work single crochets through the bottom of each of your foundation row stitches and like I say push your your hook into where you think the stitches and it will find the next available hole it's not going to look the same way that a regular stitch does because as you can tell the strings kind of loop at the bottom that's because that's the bottom of your chain row so it is going to look a little funny and that's okay wanna if you're still unsure of yourself it's a good idea to stop every once in a while and just kind of like flatten it the nice thing about working with crochet cotton is that it has a bit of a weight to it so you can kind of like flatten it and it'll stay there now if yours wants to roll a little bit don't worry not only is this a dishcloth so it doesn't matter because it's going to get really used down the road it's probably a sign that you tend to tight to stitch a little tightly and that's okay because you still learning and this is a good project to learn on because you want to get comfortable with how tightly you naturally stitch or how loosely you naturally stitch either way I don't want you walking away from this simple little project feeling like you failed because it's literally impossible to mess up a dishcloth and even if yours isn't perfectly flat got to keep in mind I've been single crocheting for 23 years or more now and if you just started and you even look somewhat like this pat yourself on the back because you've done the right thing I've come to the edge so I've come right to the edge I'm going to put in one more that's my last stitch now if you've still got your your tail hanging around from when you started you can ignore it or if you're really feeling like you've nailed this whole single crochet thing then you can just work over top of it and I will show you how to do that so if you don't want to do that just just sort of pull it to the back and ignore it otherwise keep it keep it lying across the side of the next row you're going to work in and that is the side of our work so this was our last row of the dishcloth we chained one work down the side and chained one worked across the bottom now we're going to chain one turn our work 90 degrees I'm going to work into that last stitch so the very side of that last stitch that I made now this is a funny raw edge so remember that every other stitch is going to be a bit difficult I am going to work over top of my tail to weave it into my work by just keeping it down across that the edge that I'm working on so for example I'm going to stick my hook in here to make a stitch and I am crocheting over top of that tail like I say if that feels a little too advanced for you just hold the tail to the back you can weave it in later or you can weave it in take a stake at break and weave it in right now and then finish your single crochets so every other stitch is going to be a bit awkward so just remember when you're working down a raw edge you want to make a stitch in the end of every row and if that seems a little difficult just count you made 20 initial rows so you want to have at least 20 stitches now I put in an extra one here and you see how it made it kind of curb to the edge I don't think I much care for that so I'm going to take it out there's another thing that you shouldn't be afraid to do and I'm going to go into this stitch instead never be afraid to take out your work the whole point of crocheting should be that you enjoy the process not so much you know the final end result and taking out your work is also kind of cathartic it's like yeah well you know what I can do better and usually you do it's also a good way to learn all right that is the last that looks good I have a flat side flat bottom another flat side I'm going to chain one now this is where we left off after we made the initial body so I'm going to single crochet it back across the top of this just to sort of finish off my little border I put an extra stitch at the very end of this row so that it's actually the side of the stitch is perpendicular or should say parallel or even even with the top of my last row so I'm going to work into the side of that stitch for sure the other thing you might want to do is just sort of count if it doesn't lie flat first of all if it lies flat don't bother counting why stress yourself out if it lies flat and looks good and it's nice and square don't bother counting you don't have to but if you're not quite sure that maybe it's like it's it's it's a bit funny or it's curling or it's strange just count so find your corner stitch and go home 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 and I put in an extra stitch so 21 so uh I'm good with that all right now we're going to work across the top this is our last straight row I'm going to put a single crochet in the side of that last single crochet I made and then the rest is easy you're going to single crochet into each of those stitches of that final row that you made you're going to do this all the way across and then we're going to finish a little flourish okay we're nearing the last few stitches I've got one two and because I had a corner here I'm going to work into this corner three now don't cast off just yet lay it flat have a good look at it appreciate your work there's nothing quite like a brand-new dishcloth and maybe that's just sort of a hokey kind of cheesy thing to say but I just love the way it looks and I love the way it feels and these scrub dishes unlike anything else what if you want to hang it up well that's what we're going to do this is our finishing flourish we are going to chain ten but you wrap you pull through the loop you wrap you pull through the loop that's three four five six seven eight nine ten it's going to look like that you're going to leave that on your hook you're going to put your hook into the last stitch that you single crocheted into you're going to wrap your hook or your yarn around your hook so you can grab it and pull it up and instead of single crocheting we're just going to slip stitch so that that loop here the one at the very end this one the one closest to the hook you're going to grab it and you're going to pull it through it's a little tricky pull it through that other loop that's a slip stitch now cut your yarn take that tail and pull it through the loop so if you want to do it with your fingers you can otherwise you can just grab it with your hook and pull it through the loop and pull it tight the nice thing about cotton is that it tends to stay some really slippery fabrics you know it doesn't even want to stay but this does and there you go you've even got like a little hanger you can take your your yarn needle and just stick it underneath some of the stitches your last row and you don't have to be really neat tidy about this and pull it through and you can cut off whatever you don't need there you go you have just made yourself a dishcloth while learning how to single crochet so that wasn't so hard was it that's 480 single crochet stitches and if you got with me 3 2 through to the end then you've got yourself your very own dishcloth and you know what these make great gifts so don't underestimate the power of the single crochet anyway everybody please like and subscribe and share this video with your friends especially if you know somebody else who's trying to get the handle on all the basic stitches we're going to have a few more of these kinds of tutorials coming down the road just so everybody's got a nice basic group of reference tutorials that you can go to if you're not quite getting a stitch or there's something that kind of escapes you when we're wrong rampage you have to make all sorts of other uh nifty things we've got more toy tutorials coming we've got some more clothing tutorials coming and some nice stuff for the fall too so stay tuned everybody and we will see you again soon thanks for watching bye

24 comments

  1. QiI have watched and completed several beginners tutorial. Love them. I am fascinated with how you hold your yarn with such ease. Is there some place you show this and if not would yo do a video on this and the proper start of the cakes and the skein of yarn?

  2. Very nice and friendly teacher. πŸŒΈπŸ‘ I'm from Egypt πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡¬πŸ€—. I love the way you teach us all about crochet. I'm new to crochet. Your tutorials are the best really and most helpful and informative πŸ‘
    Love you. Thank you. Keep making helpful amazing videos please πŸŒΈπŸ˜πŸ€—πŸ‘

  3. I know this video is old, but I have to say I have watched MANY tutorials on crocheting and this is by far the best. Thank you so much
    Hugs Stacy

  4. I love your tutorials, I’m a complete beginner on day 4 now, Iv watched numerous videos and getting more and more frustrated but after watching you I can see a light at the end of the tunnel, I’m still struggling with tension but it’s all starting to make sense now, thank you so much

  5. How many yards of yarn would I need for this? My Girl Scout Troop will be be learning this as a Girl Lead project and I want to make sure each girl has enough yarn to finish.

  6. I just love how well you teach πŸ˜ŠπŸ’œπŸ‘πŸΌ
    Thank you so much ❣️
    Plus I love your Lalaloopsy dolls πŸ’œπŸ’•

  7. I'm new to crocheting. I'm having difficulty holding my crocheted piece as is getting longer. What's a comfortable way to hold your work while you're making a blanket or scarf As a piece is getting longer?

  8. Ahhhhh that’s where I went wrong when I started a few weeks ago! I was working into the turning chain. /facepalm

  9. Jayda … I often play different tutorials while I’m at work (keeps my stress down in the zany world of customer service) & I had to take a minute to say how fabulous this beginner tutorial is! As Afroditi says β€œbest teacher ever”! 😁

  10. Thank you! I’ve watched a few tutorials trying to learn and with yours I finally β€˜got it’. πŸ˜ƒ

  11. Love your tutorials on everything . My family loves the dishcloths so for Christmas I am giving them a good supply. I made my very first hat following your tutorial, the first I made and I loved it and felt so good about my work. So hats and dishcloths and hot pads will be Christmas with love from me, thanks to you. I really appreciate you very much. You are a fantastic teacherβ€οΈβ€οΈβ€οΈπŸ™πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ

  12. Hey Jayda I'm a beginner and I can make a chain,I'm having trouble with the yarn I brought it's very thin and I have only 2 hooks 6.00m and a 6.5 do I need to get a smaller hook for thin yarn???

  13. This is a great tutorial. I've watched a couple of your videos. I like that you smile a lot and use fun visual effects. It kind of drew me in. I want to make a dishcloth!

  14. I actually get it now!! Thank you so much for showing me the easiest step by step instructions that I’ve seen!

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